Tequila is the most famous agave drink in the world. This Mexican drink is present in more than 120 countries and has conquered the United States, it is the main foreign consumer and every July 24 celebrates National Tequila Day.
We leave you 12 information you should know about this drink.
A real tequila has to be Mexican like its Appellation of origin (DOT) indicates this. It is produced in Jalisco, in addition to certain regions of Nayarit, Michoacán, Guanajuato and Tamaulipas. Jalisco is the only state in which all its municipalities have the DOT and it is the largest producer of the drink.
Exclusive to an agave
In Mexico there are more than 200 species of agave or maguey, but tequila is a distillate exclusively made from “agave tequilana weber blue variety” whose maturation requires between six or seven years. Beverages such as mezcal, pulque, sotol, bacanora and raicilla are made with some other agaves of other species.
The cradle of tequila
Tequila is a Magic Town from Jalisco considered the cradle of tequila. Its name comes from the Nahuatl voice “Tecuilan” which means “place of tributes”. With its blue agave landscape, shaped by the cultivation of the plant that has been used since the 16th century to produce tequila, it is part of the UNESCO World Heritage.
Categories and classes
Tequila is divided into two categories and four different classes.
Categories: 100% Agave Tequila and Tequila.
Lessons: white or silver; young or gold (gold), reposado (aged); aged (extra aged) and extra aged (Ultra aged).
To know its characteristics: How to distinguish the different types of tequila
How is it obtained
To obtain it, all the leaves are removed from the agave, until only the pineapple (heart), after cooking you will they extract the juices (musts), and once fermented undergo distillation where the product must have an alcohol content between 52 and 55 percent alcohol volume.
Formerly called mezcal wine
Formerly tequila was called mezcal wine, later it would be named “tequila” by Don Cenobio Sauza, which in 1873 acquired the “La Antigua Cruz” distillery, one of the oldest distilleries in Tequila Jalisco and which it renamed La Perseverancia.
Oldest distillery in Latin America
In 1758 the king of Spain granted Don José Antonio de Cuervo land to cultivate and harvest the blue agave. Cuervo obtained in 1795 the first concession of the King Carlos IV for the commercial production of tequila and in 1812 the crow distillery, the La Rojeña factory.
Tequila is a mixed drink of the century XVI. Before the arrival of the Spanish, chichimecas, otomíes, toltecas and nahuatlacas They were already tasting the fermented juices of the agave. In the first decades after the conquest, the distillation, obtaining with it the tequila.
Famous with tequila brands
The maguey drink has conquered the palates of celebrities. Michael Jordan (Cincoro), Dwayne Johnson “The rock“(Teremana), George Clooney (Casamigos), Nick Jonas (Villa One), Kate del Castillo (Honor of the Castle), they are some of the famous have decided to have their own brand and today they are part of the tequila industry.
Powerful natural fertilizers
For the optimal growth of the agave, the soil is fertilized with garlic, onion and plants to nourish and protect it from pests. It is watered with spring water, taking care of the crop until its maturation.
Thanks to the magueyero bat
It’s not just bees pollinate. If you are a lover of a good tequila or mezcal, you should know that the maguey bat (Leptonycteris yerbabuenae) has spent thousands of years carefully selecting the best agaves to produce more and better nectar.
Gift of the Gods
Legend has it that the maguey is a gift from the young and beautiful Nahuatl goddess Mayáhuel to bring joy to men. Mayáhuel was cruelly destroyed, did not recover its shape and became “metl”, which is the maguey or agave.
It is said that lightning struck a plantation of agaves and caused a fire, causing honey to emerge from the agave balls, which when fermented had a relaxing and euphoric effect on the natives when drinking it.