How is instant coffee made? How is it better and what are its disadvantages?
Coffee is a drink that, in addition to caffeine, is loaded with antioxidants. Because of its content, it can make you feel energetic, increase your mental alertness and cognitive functions. In the long run, moderate consumption is associated with a lower risk of chronic diseases. But are instant coffee and traditional ground coffee the same effects?
How is instant coffee made?
Instant coffee It is made from a concentrated extract obtained by preparing ground coffee beans. Water compounds are removed from this extract and dry fragments or dust will remain.
The soluble coffee brewing process may involve a process of quick drying with hot air or lyophilization (cold drying).
In lyophilization, the coffee extract is frozen and cut into small pieces, which are then dried at low temperatures under vacuum conditions.
Instant coffee It has the advantages of speed and practicality in its preparation. You measure the granules, add hot water and voila !; also it’s cheaper than whole or ground coffee for a traditional preparation.
Taste. He freshly brewed coffee keeps all your essential oils intact and other chemical components, which gives it a fuller and more subtle flavor than most instant coffees.
The main reason for taste difference It is the coffee used in the preparation of instant coffee. Many of the instant coffee makers tend to use the cheapest Robusta beans, which may have a bitter touch, instead of the more aromatic Arabica beans preferred by people who prepare their fresh coffee.
Smell. The strongest aromas are generated when hot water strikes for the first time and reacts with dry coffee grounds. Something that in instant coffee happened months or even years ago before the consumer prepared their cup.
What about compounds like caffeine and antioxidants?
Like regular coffee, instant coffee contains many powerful antioxidants with anti-inflammatory effects.
According to a study, instant coffee can contain even higher amounts of certain antioxidants than other preparations, due to the way it is processed.
Research Reveals Regular Coffee Drinkers Are at Risk less to develop type 2 diabetes compared to non-drinkers.
Polyphenols (antioxidants) and minerals like magnesium in coffee can improve the effectiveness of insulin and glucose metabolism in the body.
The actual caffeine content of a cup of coffee can vary based on factors such as origin, processing, and method of preparation.
Filtered coffee 8-ounce can have 96 mg of caffeine.
Instant coffee 8 oz. containing one teaspoon of powder, usually 62 mg of caffeine, according to a Mayo Clinic comparison chart.
Caffeine has stimulating effects in the short term and in terms of long term benefits, studies report that coffee consumption of 3 to 5 cups per day in middle age is associated with a decreased risk of dementia. It may be due to caffeine and as well as antioxidant capacity and increased sensitivity to insulin.
Substances that can raise cholesterol
A cup of unfiltered coffee as contains approximately 30 times the concentration of diterpenes, substances that can raise bad LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, according to research published by the European Society of Cardiology.
Filtered coffee and instant coffee contain almost no diterpenes, since filtering and processing these types of coffee remove them.
“For people who know they have high cholesterol levels, stay away from unfiltered infusion, including coffee made with a cafetière. For everyone else, drink your coffee with a clear conscience and opt for filtering, ”notes study author Professor Dag S. Thelle of the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
He instant coffee can hold up to double acrylamide than freshly roasted coffee, a substance that forms when coffee beans are roasted.
Acrylamide becomes a compound that causes DNA damage and mutations. However, the National Cancer Institute notes that Human epidemiological studies have not found that exposure to acrylamide in food is associated with the risk of some type of cancer.
Both bring benefits
Instant coffee has antioxidants and nutrients just like traditionally brewed coffee, offering multiple health benefits. It favors the longevity, memory, fat loss, a lower risk of diabetes and can interfere with the growth and spread of cancer cells.
To know more, consult: What happens to your body if you drink coffee every day
Healthy consumption should be moderate, otherwise it could have side effects.
People can safely consume up to 400 mg of caffeine per day, the amount in two to four 8-ounce cups of coffee.