The Latest On COVID-19
In the U.S
COVID-19 already represents the third leading cause of death in the United States, surpassing those related to diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, lung disease, and accidents.
According to Dr. Thomas Frieden, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a virus unknown until less than a year ago has overtaken historical diseases.
“The death rate from COVID in the United States is much higher than in other countries,” Frieden said.
The two leading causes of death in the country are heart disease and cancer.
Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases, said in an interview with actor Matthew McConaughey on Instagram that the United States must control the reopening of society and the economy because otherwise “the consequences could be devastating.”.
The expert said that prudence is essential, and what happened to the cities or areas that rushed the process should be remembered: COVID-19 cases began to rise again.
Fauci said that the consequences of not acting prudently can be very serious, such as forcing a much tighter shutdown, which would affect the economy even more and the mental health of the population.
As the world waits for a COVID-19 vaccine, scientists are also investigating ways to protect against infections that do not require immunization.
Along these lines, a team from the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) developed a nasal spray that contains a molecule that acts by stopping the attack of the coronavirus on the body.
In a study that is in the pre-press stage, available in BioRXiv, scientists report that taken once a day, AeroNabs could provide powerful and reliable protection against SARS-CoV-2 until a vaccine is available, the university statement says.
“Much more effective than personal protective equipment, we think of AeroNabs as a molecular form of personal protection that could serve as a major brake on the virus until a vaccine can provide a permanent solution to COVID-19,” said co-inventor Peter. Walter, a professor of biochemistry and biophysics at the University of California, San Francisco, and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator.
The research team is in active discussions with business partners to increase the manufacturing and clinical trials of AeroNabs.
If these trials are successful, the scientists aim to make AeroNabs widely available as an inexpensive over-the-counter drug to prevent and treat COVID-19.
COVID and Chronic Fatigue
More than six months after the global coronavirus crisis began, many of those who contract it and develop COVID-19 are not making a full recovery.
Up to 35% of those diagnosed with COVID do not return to their normal state two or three weeks after testing positive, and, among different symptoms, they have chronic fatigue syndrome, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC).
As explained by the Mayo Clinic, is a complicated disorder characterized by extreme fatigue that cannot be explained by any underlying medical condition. Fatigue may be worse with physical or mental activity, but it does not improve with rest.
The cause of chronic fatigue syndrome is unknown, although there are many theories, from viral infections to psychological stress. Some experts believe that chronic fatigue syndrome could be triggered by a combination of factors.
Data from the California Department of Health reveal that Latinos represent 56% of COVID-19 cases in that state, and 46% of deaths, compared to 18% of cases and 30% of deaths in non-Hispanic whites.
Experts and patient advocates have attributed the disproportionate impact of the coronavirus on Latino communities to a variety of factors, including barriers that prevent some from accessing health care, a greater likelihood of living in multi-generational households, and working in professions deemed essential. for which they must go out to work.
California has more than 475,000 confirmed COVID cases, with about 8,800 deaths, as of July 29.
In Latin America and the Caribbean
Mexico has just reached a sad record: being the third country in the world with the most deaths from COVID-19.
The country already registers about 47,000 deaths from the disease caused by the new coronavirus, with about 425,000 infections.
Previously, the UK ranked that spot with 46,204 deaths as of August 2.
First on the list is the United States with more than 154,000 deaths and Brazil with about 93,000.
The World Health Organization (WHO) warned that the effects of the pandemic will be felt “in the coming decades.”
Mexican President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador was one of the leaders who downplayed the effects of the pandemic, saying that the infections had a “moral” component.
The social and economic inequity that has been endemic in the region for decades has been intensified by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Antonio Guterres, director of the United Nations, emphasized the impact of the coronavirus on women throughout the region, who make up the majority of the workforce and are now the most affected by additional care.
Guterres highlighted the difficult situation of the elderly and people with disabilities, who are at greater risk; and indigenous peoples, Afro-descendants, migrants, and refugees, who suffer disproportionately.
A report from the United Nations World Food Program warned of a serious socio-economic consequence of COVID-19: 16 million people in the region are on the brink of hunger due to the crisis that the pandemic has generated.
The report indicates that the number of hungry people will rise from 3.4 million to almost 14 million in the course of 2020.
And this wave of hunger is especially affecting mega-urban areas, where 17% of the population already has only one meal a day.
69% of households in Latin America and the Caribbean have been economically affected by the pandemic.
In The World
A new study from King’s College London identified that COVID-19 manifests itself in six different ways, depending on the set of symptoms.
The analysis was based on 1,600 UK patients who logged their symptoms on a mobile app between March and April.
The research, which has not yet been analyzed by scientific colleagues, reveals that COVID manifests itself according to a set of symptoms and that each form of the disease has a different severity.
The six groups of symptoms described in the study are:
- Like the flu, but no fever: headache, loss of smell, muscle aches, cough, throat, and chest pain, without fever.
- Like the flu, with a fever: headache, loss of smell, cough, sore throat, hoarseness, fever, loss of appetite.
- Gastrointestinal: headache, loss of smell, loss of appetite, diarrhea, sore throat, chest pain, no cough.
- Level one severe, with fatigue: headache, loss of smell, cough, fever, hoarseness, chest pain, fatigue.
- Level two severe, with confusion: headache, loss of smell, loss of appetite, cough, fever, hoarseness, sore throat, chest pain, fatigue, confusion, muscle pain.
- Severe level three, combining abdominal and respiratory symptoms: headache, loss of smell, loss of appetite, cough, fever, hoarseness, sore throat, chest pain, fatigue, confusion, muscle pain, shortness of breath, diarrhea, abdominal pain.
Johns Hopkins University created a near-real-time case map that you can also view and follow here: https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html
What Are Coronaviruses?
Coronaviruses (CoVs) are a broad family of viruses that can cause a variety of conditions, from the common cold to more serious illnesses, such as the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and the one that causes the respiratory syndrome. severe acute (SARS-CoV). A new coronavirus is a new strain of coronavirus that has not been found before in humans.
How Do You Get Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses can be spread from animals to people (called zoonotic transmission). Studies have shown that SARS-CoV was transmitted from the civet to humans and that MERS-CoV has been transmitted from dromedary to humans. In addition, it is known that there are other coronaviruses circulating among animals, which have not yet infected humans.
These infections often cause fever and respiratory symptoms (cough and dyspnea or shortness of breath). In the most severe cases, they can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.
Also headache and loss of taste and smell.
How To Prevent Contagion?
The usual recommendations to avoid spreading the infection are to wash your hands frequently and cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing (with your arm, not your hand). Masks should be used, especially indoors.
Close contact with anyone with signs of a respiratory condition, such as coughing or sneezing, should also be avoided. Comply with “social distancing” and stay home if symptoms appear.
Sources: WHO, CDC, National Health Commission of China, Johns Hopkins.