Xerosis, better known as dry skin, is a common skin condition that is not usually serious, although it is characterized by roughness, cracking, flaking and itching, so it can be very annoying.
Here we will see what are the main causes of dry skin, how you can prevent it and what foods can help you calm its symptoms.
Dry skin is usually a consequence of the following conditions, habits, products or conditions:
- Very hot baths or showers.Heat: especially centralized heating, heaters or wood stoves, since they reduce humidity and dry the skin.
- Climate: during winter the skin is more prone to dryness, since temperatures and humidity levels drop.
- Swimming in pools that have a lot of chlorine.
- have skin problems: such as atopic dermatitis (eczema) or psoriasis.
- Use abrasive products: such as soaps, detergents and shampoos formulated to remove grease.
Dry skin is usually a temporary condition, although many people can experience it throughout their lives. Among its main symptoms we find:
- Appearance of lines or fine cracks.
- Grayish coloration of the skin.
- Peeling that can be mild or severe.
- Redness of the skin.
- Bleeding from cracks that form in the skin.
- Sensation of tightness in the skin.
How to prevent dry skin
You can prevent dry skin by following these tips:
- Covers the skin during adverse seasons, such as winter.
- Avoid using drying hygiene or cleaning products.
- Moisturize skin regularly.
- Do not expose yourself to water for too long, whether in the shower or in the pool.
- Wear rubber gloves when washing.
If you already suffer from dry skin, don’t worry, incorporating the following foods into your diet will help you find relief:
In recent years, the avocado has established itself as a key member of a healthy diet, since it provides more than 20 essential nutrients, including fiber, potassium, and vitamins E and B. It is also rich in minerals such as iron, phosphorus and magnesium, in addition to folic acid, niacin and biotin.
- Foods to improve and rejuvenate your skin
These nutrients make it an excellent ally for the skin, as they help fight inflammation, irritation, pain and redness caused by xerosis.
Among the best foods for dry skin are those that contain a high percentage of water. This way you will stay hydrated and get many essential nutrients at once. Some of them are:
- Mango: It is ideal for relieving dry skin since one unit provides about 80% of the daily requirements of vitamin A, a nutrient that maintains and repairs skin cells.
- Cucumber: It is made up of 90% water, making it ideal for moisturizing the skin and preventing dryness or peeling. Not only can you take advantage of it by including it in your salads, you can also prepare masks by processing it until you get a paste.
- Tomatoes: It is rich in a compound with antioxidant properties called lycopene, which helps to strengthen the skin, promote its elasticity and delay aging, thus preventing conditions such as xerosis.
- Watermelon: helps to have hydrated and radiant skin, since it is rich in water (occupies 90% of its composition), vitamins A and C, and lycopene.
Perhaps the best-known citrus fruit is the lemon, but this group also includes oranges, tangerines, grapefruit, kiwis, papayas and Camu Camu (the fruit with the highest concentration of vitamin C).
Water is the main component of citrus fruits, although they are also an essential source of vitamin C, beta-carotene, folic acid, minerals and flavonoids (substances with an antioxidant effect).
This composition gives it different health benefits, including skin care. As scientific evidence shows, consuming citrus fruits regularly allows the skin to stay bright and hydrated, while stimulating the production of collagen.
When we talk about nuts, we refer to almonds, hazelnuts, peanuts, chestnuts, walnuts (either common, Pecan or Macadamia, among others), pistachios, and even seeds, such as sunflower or pumpkin seeds.
These foods share a common trait: less than half of their composition is made up of water. But how can they help us relieve the symptoms of dryness?
Available scientific evidence shows that regular consumption of these fruits helps moisturize and soften the skin, while protecting it against toxins and chemicals, thanks to the fact that they are rich in Omega 3 fatty acids.
Some people even take advantage of its oils to add them to moisturizing creams, and thus provide the skin with an extra dose of nutrients.
Green tea is the dried leaf of the Camellia sinensis plant, from which other varieties of tea also arise, such as Oolong, black, or white, among others.
Historically, this infusion is associated with great antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and rejuvenating power. This combination of benefits is perfect for maintaining good skin health and preventing cracking, redness, and soreness from dry skin.
Carrots are recognized for their important antioxidant properties, since they have compounds called flavonoids and a significant concentration of vitamins A, B and C.
Therefore, its consumption helps to care for skin health, since these nutrients are capable of reducing inflammation, promoting collagen production, and stimulating the elasticity and strength of the skin.
Hydration is essential
Experts advise drinking between 2 and 2 ½ liters of water each day. This will help:
- Reduce cracks or lines in the skin.
- Balance the sebaceous gland.
- Strengthen the skin.
- Keep skin hydrated.
- Oxygenate cells.
- Promote the elimination of toxins.
- Walnut or blackberry leaf: these provide strength and elasticity to the skin, in addition, walnut leaves are rich in mucilage, a substance with moisturizing properties. You can prepare a lotion by mixing a handful of its leaves in hot water, allowing it to cool, and then applying it to the affected area up to twice a day.
- Nettles: You can prepare a lotion by boiling it in water and letting it sit, then apply up to twice a day to the affected areas. In a short time you will notice how the cracks diminish thanks to its moisturizing and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Rose petals: They can be very useful to provide protection to the skin, especially against cold climates. Make an infusion with the petals of 10 roses in a liter of hot water. Then let cool and apply on the skin.
Another very popular choice among traditional medicine to deal with the discomfort caused by dry skin is to turn to the world of herbs. Among the most used are:
Until there is meaningful scientific evidence from human trials, people interested in using herbal therapies and supplements should be very careful.
Do not abandon or modify your medications or treatments, but first talk to your doctor about the potential effects of alternative or complementary therapies.
Remember, the medicinal properties of herbs and supplements can also interact with prescription drugs, other herbs and supplements, and even alter your diet.
Sources consulted: Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, US National Library of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, US Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.