The development of a child’s teeth is an important process, as the teeth allow them to feed, speak and smile; In addition, the primary or “baby” teeth provide the necessary space for the permanent teeth to grow in the appropriate place.
Hence the importance of oral hygiene and helping to prevent dental disease. Although adults understand this, children are often not informed about the long-term impact of dental care.
Oral Health Care Recommendations for Children
-Mouth cleaning in infants
The teeth are exposed to acid damage produced from the sugars by the bacteria that live in the mouth. Initially the American Dental Association (ADA) recommends that after each feeding, be it breast milk or formula, you wipe the surface of the baby’s mouth with a gauze or a clean cloth soaked in it.
-Use of bottle or pacifier
When babies are bottle-fed they should not stay with the bottle for long periods or sleep with the bottle in their mouths. Also, you shouldn’t soak your pacifiers in honey or sugary drinks.
-When teeth sprout
As soon as the children’s first teeth appear, it is advisable to clean them with a brush and a little water.
-Children over two years old
It is recommended to start education about cleaning teeth, supervise that children use the appropriate amount of toothpaste and use a small portion of paste the size of a pea.
Children should be supervised to avoid swallowing toothpaste. And teach older children to brush their teeth properly.
-Moderate the consumption of simple sugars and other carbohydrates
When the bacteria that live in the mouth metabolize the sugars, they produce acid that damages the teeth, causing cavities.
-Use of other dental cleaning methods
The use of dental floss and mouthwash with fluoride has positively impacted oral hygiene, teaching about how to do it at the right times to use these tools.
-Visit with the dentist
Dental care in minor children must be supervised by parents and adult relatives. Education and approach to dentists or dental health professionals is an important point to prevent the development of dental diseases in adults and children.