2021 begins and with it the implementation of the measures adopted in the new Traffic Law presented by the General Directorate of Traffic (DGT) in November 2020. Specifically, the modifications related to the General Regulation of Traffic and Vehicles, where include new speed limits, have come into effect on January 2, 2021.
There is only one exception, which is the modification of the Article 50 of the General Traffic Regulations, relating to maximum speeds in urban areas, which will enter into force six months after its publication in the Official State Gazette (BOE). If we do some quick calculations, this modification will begin its validity next May 11, 2021.
According to the DGT, the new Law is committed to the mechanism of safe driving courses as a formula to improve road training for drivers.
He Minister council approved at the end of last year, at the proposal of the Ministry of the Interior, a package of legal reforms that, as a whole, substantially modify the legislation in traffic and circulation matters. One of the most controversial aspects is the increase in points to detract for those behaviors that generate greater risk for driving.
The objective is to promote safe behaviors behind the wheel, for which it includes, among its main measures:
- Increase from three to six points to arrest for driving while holding handheld devices mobile phone.
- Raise from three to four points that are detracted by do not use the seat belt, child restraint systems, helmet and other protective elements. Furthermore, it explicitly incorporates the misuse of these elements as a cause for sanction.
- Typify as Serious offense “Carry in the vehicle” mechanisms of detection of radars or kinemometers, which will mean the penalty of 500 euros and the loss of three points.
- The reform eliminates the possibility that cars and motorcycles can exceed speed limits by 20 km / h on conventional roads when they overtake other vehicles (modification of Article 51 of the General Regulation of Traffic and Vehicles).
- Introduces the possibility of recover 2 points of the card for the completion of safe driving courses certified by the General Directorate of Traffic.
- The reform unifies in two years the period that will elapse without committing infractions to recover the initial balance of points, a period that now varies depending on the seriousness of the offense committed.
- Includes a new very serious offense, committing fraud on driving tests using unauthorized intercom devices. The penalty will be 500 euros and a penalty of 6 months without being able to attend the exam.
- The online access to the Drivers registry to companies that transport people and goods so that they can find out if their workers’ driving license is valid or not. It will only be reported in red or green depending on whether it is current or not.
The second Royal Decree of the Government modifies both the General Traffic Regulation and the General Vehicle Regulation in the matter of regulatory measures for urban traffic. These measures are those that will come into effect on the 11th of May 2021:
- On roads that have a single carriageway and sidewalk platform, the limit will be 20 km / h.
- On roads with a single lane in each direction of traffic, the limit will be 30 km / h.
- On roads with two or more lanes per direction of traffic, the limit will continue to be 50 km / h.
The second major area of incidence of this Royal Decree is the regulation of personal mobility vehicles -skateboards, unicycles and others-. In the link you can find all the information related to the modifications carried out, which also came into effect on January 2, 2021.
The obligation to have certificate for circulation and its identification, in accordance with the provisions of the Manual of characteristics of personal mobility vehicles, will be applicable to twenty four months of the publication of the manual of characteristics of personal mobility vehicles in the “Official State Gazette”, as established in the sole transitory provision.
Finally and, in relation to freight transport, another Royal Decree reforms the General Regulations for Drivers to partially incorporate Directive (EU) 2018/645 of the European Parliament and of the Council, of April 18, 2018, regarding the initial qualification and continuous training of drivers. drivers of vehicles intended for the transport of goods or passengers by road, and Directive 2006/126 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 20 December, on driving licenses.
Its main points are:
- The minimum age required for drive trucks at age 18 having passed the Certificate of Professional Aptitude (CHAP) 280 hours long. Until now the established age was 21 years.
- The minimum age required for driving coaches at 18 years, but only without passengers and within a maximum radius of 50 km. It will only be from the age of 21 and with the CAP of 280 hours when they will be able to carry passengers.
- Expands from 3,500 kg to 4,250 kg the weight of the vans that can be driven in national territory with the permission B for the transport of goods, only when the increase in mass is due to the new propulsion systems. It is a measure that favors the use of non-polluting alternative fuels
The Royal Decree also introduces some improvements in the training tests required to obtain a driving license. Among other:
- It specifies the mandatory protective equipment that applicants have to wear in the skills and driving tests to obtain motorcycle licenses.
- It establishes the possibility that, in certain cases and after an individualized medical and mechanical assessment, access to truck and bus driving licenses can be authorized for people with problems associated with the locomotor system. Advances in prosthetics and vehicles make it possible for these people to obtain such permits.