History of Google: Summary since Inception

History of Google: Summary since Inception


Discover the history of Google. All the chronology in summary since the creation of the search engine and the company by its founders until our days

Table of Contents

The beginnings of the history of Google, The creation

Who founded Google?

It was in 1995 that the 2 founders of Google Larry Page (then 22 years old) and Sergey Brin (21 years old), computer science students at Stanford University in the United States met.
A year later, freshly graduated, they decided together to create a search engine. Named BlackRub, this first tool took the name of Google in 1997. The term Google is directly inspired by the number 1 followed by 100 zeros, in English “Googol” or number “Gogol”, which describes Page and Brin’s ambition to create a search engine to organize a huge volume of information.

The creation of the Google company

Google Inc. was then created on September 4, 1998, thanks in particular to funding from Andy Bechtolsheim (one of the founders of Sun Microsystems and an extraordinary investor who had detected the already immense potential of the work of Page and Brin, in particular on their invention PageRank technology).

The continuation of the adventure of the beginnings of Google continues in Menlo Park in the garage of Susan Wojcicki which this one rents to the 2 acolytes soon joined by Craig Silverstein, also former student of Standford.

Less than a year later in February 1999, the company already had 8 employees and moved to more appropriate premises in Palo Alto.

It was in August of the same year that the Google company made its mark in the so-called Mountain View district in California. It is therefore only a few kilometers from their former university that the team set up the world headquarters: the Googleplex at 2400 E. Bayshore, also not far from Silicon Valley.

The growth phase

  • In June 2000, Google signs a partnership with Yahoo! and has over a billion URLs already in its index.
    In October, the very first Adwords service was launched and in December the firm set up the now famous browser toolbar which allows each user to no longer have to go through the search engine’s home page to perform a search.
  • the year 2001 is that of the arrival of Eric Schmidt as Chairman of the Board of Directors and then his appointment as CEO. At the end of the year, the Google index is estimated at more than 3 billion documents.
  • Launch of Google News in September 2002 and Froogle which will become Google Shopping.
  • In 2004the index increases to more than 6 billion entries and the company has more than 800 employees.

Continuous development of new features

  • In August 2004Google entered Wall Street with a share price of $85 at the opening.
  • In February 2005Google inaugurates its service which offers satellite images and routes: Google Maps.
    Summer 2005it’s Google search on mobile phones that is being developed and Google Analytics in November.
  • In 2006 it is Google Trends that is born and allows Internet users to know the current research trends. In October 2006 Google bought YouTube.
  • In 2007 these are the beginnings of what will later become Universal Search (research integrating results in various formats: images, videos, news, books, news).
  • In July 2008, it was during the Tour de France that images from Street View were used for the first time in Europe. The index now has over a trillion unique URLs.
  • Fall 2008 : a new practical feature appears: semi-automatic completion, which avoids spelling mistakes and saves time when the Internet user types a request.
  • The open source Chrome browser is unveiled in September.
  • End 2009a total of more than 51 languages ​​are now available in Google Translate.
  • June 2010the implementation of Caffeine allows the indexing system to be much faster and to provide Internet users with more recent results.
  • At the start of September 2010Google sets up instant search to display results as the Internet user types his request.
  • In January 2011, it is Larry Page, co-founder of Google who is named CEO of Google. Eric Schmidt, the former CEO, then took over as Executive Chairman.
  • In February, it is the filter of the algorithm named Panda which is born and impacts almost 12% of requests.
  • Project launch Google+ in June 2011.
  • In December 2011Google opens its very first offices in France in Paris.
  • Google continues to grow from year to year and is much more than just the search engine of its beginnings. In 2013Google wants to expand into the robotics sector and acquires 8 specialized companies.
  • In 2014Google buys a startup specializing in the field of video games.
  • In 2017Google is paying Apple $3 billion to continue to be the default search engine for iOS devices.
  • In 2018Google launches “Google Pay” for Android users.
  • In 2019Alphabet (Google) completes two notable corporate purchases: Fitbit, a company that develops fitness trackers, and Looker, a cloud company.

Google, a controversial leader….

Google inspires a number of remarks, the main ones being linked to its web monopoly situation; the other players, the former Altavista and the current Bing and Yahoo not being able to fight against the Mountain View firm.

What are the arguments of the main detractors of Google? Why do anti-Google critics criticize the Mountain View giant?

  • For copyright infringement.
  • For non-compliance with the protection of privacy and non-compliance with European data protection laws.
  • PageRank would be an undemocratic system.
  • For the practice of tax evasion in Europe and France in particular.
  • For internet censorship (see former case of China).
  • For non-respect of the great principle of net neutrality.

Departure of the founders of Google

On December 4, 2019, the founders of the search engine, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, announced their departure from Alphabet (parent company of Google).
They believe that Alphabet and Google “no longer need three heads” and therefore leave the reins to Sundar Pichai, the current CEO of Google.

Situation in 2021

In 2021, the company is valued on the stock market at $1.185 billion and has more than 103,500 employees around the world.
Google continues to improve its search engine daily. As presented in this article, it is far from being the only activity of the Mountain View firm.

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