Nutrition is a complex biological process that takes place at the cellular level with nutrients and the phenomenon of obtaining, incorporating and transforming them is called nutrition.
So to have good nutrition, food is only part of the nutrition process.
However, other factors must also be considered, such as how much the body assimilates and absorbs nutrients, in this process the state of health intervenes, interaction with other nutrients and medications, among other factors.
You can have an excellent diet, however there are certain conditions and diseases, for example Chron’s disease, in which the body’s ability to absorb nutrients is limited, which affects the state of nutrition.
Excesses or deficiencies of nutrients
Likewise, when a person’s diet does not meet the quantity, quality, or is not balanced, that person’s nutrition is deficient and their health is at risk.
-Excesses, as in the case of obesity, excess vitamin D, among many other excess nutrients, hence the importance of only taking recommended doses and under medical prescription.
-Nutrient deficiencies, or malnutrition, which can be present in varying degrees from mild to very severe.
A personalized eating plan like the one offered by MiDieta helps a lot to properly plan your daily and weekly diet. It also considers food preferences and restrictions.
Nutritional status assessment
Food is just one factor to consider in nutrition. In order to assess nutritional status, nutritionists and medical specialists consider:
-Eating and exercise habits.
It is evaluated through food consumption frequency surveys. MiDieta has a survey of food consumption and exercise habits in the desktop version in the section: “Do your evaluation”.
-Determination of somatometric measurements and nutritional status.
Some are: Weight, height, waist and hip circumference, arm and leg circumference, as well as derived measures of muscle mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio, percentage of body fat, percentage of muscle mass, among others. as some indicators such as weight/age age/height are important when considering nutritional status.
-Clinical examinations contribute to the evaluation of nutritional status.
-Blood, urine and stool tests, among others, are important as part of the evaluation of nutritional status, including:
-35 element blood chemistry (serum glucose, total cholesterol, high density cholesterol, low density cholesterol, triglycerides, among others)
-Hematic biometry (hemoglobin, hematocrit, leukocytes, etc.) or CSC complete blood count (FBC, for its acronym in English) that measures different components of the blood.
-Elisa (food allergies, HIV, among others.
-General urine test.
-Stool examination (coproculture and coproparasitoscopic).
-Physical examination as part of the evaluation of nutritional status
The doctor or health professionals identify through physical examination, signs to indicate conditions or diseases that affect the nutritional status. For example, the state of the teeth, tongue, skin, eye conjunctiva, blood pressure measurement, among others.
-Medical history part of the evaluation of the nutritional status
Knowing one’s own and family medical history helps in the prevention of illnesses and in setting goals in terms of nutrition.
Path to good nutrition
For good nutrition, an assessment of nutritional status by a nutritionist or specialized medical professional should be considered.
Once there is an evaluation of the nutritional status, appropriate medical treatment and a personalized eating plan can be followed, as well as establishing exercise routines.
Source: NIH (National Library of Medicine). Nutrition and Food, Bourges H., Editorial Continental. Mexico.