The child population is not exempt from the consequences of bad habits that we adults carry.
An example is the increase in type 2 diabetes, which is associated with unhealthy eating habits and sedentary lifestyle.
As parents and relatives we must understand this disease and work together with health institutions to be able to prevent and treat it appropriately.
Type 2 diabetes in childhood
The following describes what type 2 diabetes mellitus is in early ages, the factors that can lead to it, and recommendations for management together with a health provider.
Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes
In general terms, diabetes is a disease in which the glucose or “sugar” in the blood is high.
When talking about diabetes, it usually refers to the two different types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2).
Diabetes type 1
In type 1 diabetes there is a destruction of the cells that are responsible for producing insulin and in the other there is a resistance to the effect of insulin by the body. Insulin is the hormone that is responsible for reducing the levels of sugar in the blood, so in both cases we can find high levels of sugar in the blood.
As time goes by, these sugar levels cause damage to tissues such as the eye, kidney and nerves, due to the toxicity of glucose.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes that develops in young people is a disease that is on the rise. An estimated 5,000 new cases are diagnosed each year.
The disease that develops at an early age has symptoms similar to those developed in adults, but in children the symptoms are more severe and progress faster.
The complex situations in which it develops and the limited availability of well-designed and implemented scientific studies have made the task of treating these patients more difficult.
Recommendations to follow:
Treatment of this type of diabetes in adults consists of promoting exercise, eating a balanced diet, and taking medications such as metformin, but this may not be enough for young people with the same disease.
Treatment in young people with type 2 diabetes mellitus must include interdisciplinary, personalized management that considers the social and family context.