New masculinity and macho youth. A reflection for International Men’s Day 2020 and how the theme is perceived.
The debate is latent: should or should there not be International Men’s Day? But beyond questioning a date, there is a background theme that concerns him: masculinity. Masculinity is the set of characteristics of being of men that usually encompasses features biological and cultural. It is possible that this year (and a little earlier) we hear concepts such as “new masculinities”, “deconstruction”, “fragile masculinity” and well, adding them to the cause of a more beneficial and equitable future for all, result in a connotation that will add to a better result.
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November 19 is International Men’s Day
Since the end of the nineties, each November 19th. It was established by the professor at the University of Missouri-Kansas, Thomas Oster. In 2006 some pillars were rectified for its celebration:
- promote positive and normalized male role models.
- celebrate man’s contributions to society and family.
- emphasize health.
- highlighting discrimination against men
- improve gender relations and promote equality.
- create a safer world.
Reflections on the New Masculinities
In Mexico, a citizen created a weekly meeting in a cafeteria. It carries by name “Foolish Men”, and there are two hours of round table where men meet to share their experiences on gender roles.
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«Speak from what sorry more from what we think allows us to reflect on why we behave within the machismo. Why have we been violent, we have abused power, we have privileges, “he explained Edmundo Castelán, creator of the circle, in an interview for The universal.
In the same interview, some participants of the group agreed: “we have adopted machismo as a way of life.” And the mission is clear to them: to abolish this violent machismo.
The path of equity
Michael Kimmel, sociologist and director of the Center for the Study of Man and Masculinities, he reflects: “you cannot empower women and girls without the participation of men and boys. To achieve gender equality it is necessary to educate, get out of old ideas of what it means to be a man and break with the patriarchal inheritance ».
“Historically, the predominant model of masculinity permeated all spheres of the structure of a society (political, economic and cultural) and, in turn, legitimized and perpetuated one form of power over others.”
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“Feminist is not born, it is made, and thus masculinity is also built”, Ritxar Bacete
Bacete is an anthropologist, social worker, and gender specialist. Has a book «New good men», where he proposes that men should look in the mirror and ask yourself: Who am I in this new world? What is expected of me? Am I a fair man? Can I change? How do I relate to other men and women? Am I a macho? Am I free? ?
The (un) education of the system of oppression
There are movements that embrace the part of education as a pillar of change. So it happened with the Latin American Meeting of Antipatriarchal Men (ELVA), who invite men to “a process of deconstruction of masculinity”, as they describe in their networks.
This meeting that takes place in Uruguay conducts conferences, talks, debates, recreational activities and more for men to come together in an act of decision to end the oppression of machismo.
News agencies agree on one thing: gender stereotypes they particularly harm women, but also negatively impact on males. Why? It “reinforces a hegemonic idea of masculinity that distances them from the possibility of exercising certain rights.”
Young macho men
It is easy to believe that the younger generations are the “least macho.” And although this is not very far from reality, the numbers speak somewhat to the contrary.
He Observatory on Youth and Gender investigated three groups of young people.
- conscientious and equitable (44%): less stereotyped identity, aware of the existence of inequalities, feminists.
- traditional and sexist (39%): They are young people between 25 and 29 years old, they do exercises of male domination.
- deniers and conservatives (17%): He records his partner without his permission, harms her and prevents her from having a personal life; They are 15 and 19 year olds.
In conclusion, and with information from The vanguard, «56% of young men defend sexist positions».