Polio virus found in New York sewage

Health officials reported the discovery of the polio virus in New York City sewage, something that had not been detected for more than a decade. This indicates that the virus would be circulating in the community.

Health authorities are urging everyone, residents and visitors, to get vaccinated, the best way to ward off the virus from the body.

State health commissioner Dr. Mary Bassett called it “alarming but not concerning.” But she stressed that New Yorkers have access to vaccines “to prevent infection and the worst consequences of polio, such as paralysis and even death.”

According to data from the Department of Health, 86.2% of the city’s children between 6 months and 5 years old have all three doses of the polio vaccine. Manhattan has the highest rate, 91%, while Staten Island has the lowest, 81.7%.

Wastewater is what is released by homes, businesses and factories, after different uses, such as washing dishes, bathing or using the bathroom. The wastewater then goes into sewers, either built by the homeowner, or a sewer facility installed by the municipality.

It is in the sediment of these waters that the virus that causes COVID-19 has been found, and now that of polio. Other viruses are also searched, a type of detection that allows knowing if a virus is circulating in a community.

See also  Mental health: 50% of workers in the US are afraid to say they feel bad at work

At the end of July, a case of polio was detected in the Rockland County community in upstate New York, a 20-year-old man who was not vaccinated.

This person had recently traveled to Hungary and Poland, where the virus continues to circulate. Polio has been eradicated from much of the world thanks to immunization campaigns that began in the 1950s.

The live virus vaccine, which has not been used in the United States since 2000, is still used in the region of Europe where the affected person was. The vaccine is safe, but an unvaccinated individual can become infected if the live virus in the vaccine circulates through the community, health officials reported. This may have been the reason for this contagion.

The live attenuated polio vaccine has been discontinued in the region because it can mutate into a strain that causes polio in approximately 1 in 2.4 million people to whom it is administered. However, it was this vaccine, very easy to administer, through drops, developed by Dr. Albert Sabin, which managed to eradicate polio from the planet by almost 100%. This is what the doctor himself attests in this work published six years after the global vaccination campaign.


See also  Genetic tests for breast cancer, are they effective?

what is polio

Poliomyelitis is a viral disease that can affect the neurological system, causing muscle weakness and, in certain cases, leading to paralysis or death.

Pordinarily, the virus enters the body through the mouth, usually from hands contaminated with fecal particles from an infected person. The virus lives in the throat and intestines.

Respiratory transmission and mouth-to-mouth transmission through saliva may also explain some cases.

Up to 95% of people infected with polio have no symptoms, but can still spread the virus. About 4 to 5% have minor symptoms such as fever, muscle weakness, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Between 1 and 2% develop severe muscle pain and stiffness in the neck and back. Less than 1% of polio infections result in paralysis.

Due to the success of the vaccine, which was introduced in 1955, and a national vaccination program, polio cases fell dramatically in the late 1950s and early 1960s, with the last clusters of cases in the United States States registered in 1979.

Since the polio vaccine is still included in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) standard childhood immunization schedule, those who are vaccinated are not considered to be at significant risk.

Since 2000, only the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, has been administered in the United States. IPV is given by injection into the arm or leg, depending on the person’s age, and is very effective in ensuring protection. IPV is not a live virus vaccine like Sabin, so there is no risk of contracting polio from receiving it.

See also  Humans are not meant to be awake after midnight, scientists warn

The vast majority of people in the United States are vaccinated against polio. However, the lies that have circulated about vaccines have had a negative effect on immunization rates in recent years.

This is what opens a window of opportunity for even those almost eradicated viruses to get in. And both COVID, and now monkeypox, have shown that you should never give up on vaccination.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.