The recommended diet for people with heart conditions

La dieta recomendada para personas con padecimientos cardíacos

Cardiovascular accidents are one of the leading causes of death in the world. Making adjustments to your lifestyle and eating habits is key to avoiding complications

feeding is one of the most important aspects for be in good health, ensure correct consumption of nutrients is key for have energy and prevent diseases. When you have a particular condition or disease follow a proper diet it becomes a fundamental aspect.

Between the health conditions that most concern medical specialists worldwide, is found everything related to the cardiovascular system. Heart failure It is one of the most recurrent conditions in the population and it is a condition in which the heart can no longer efficiently pump oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body.

It usually occurs in chronic form and is related to health aspects such as coronary artery disease, uncontrolled high blood pressure and some Heart problems, such as congenital heart disease, heart attacknarrow heart valves arrhythmias and infections. Also exist other health conditions that may contribute or cause heart failure, among which are: amyloidosis, emphysema, hyperthyroidism, sarcoidosis, severe anemia, too much iron in the body and hypothyroidism.

The good news is that there is a recommended diet for patients suffering from heart failure. Establish healthy eating habits and avoid eating certain foods helps prevent disease progression and its possible complications.

Taking into account that cardiovascular accidents and related diseases represent one of the leading causes of death in the world, especially in developed countries. It is easy to understand why it has become one of the most relevant health topics, that is why various health organizations worldwide and medical specialists have emphasized the importance of performing lifestyle changes to reduce risks.

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While eating certain foods can increase the risk of heart disease, there are good allies to boost heart function and prevent degenerative conditions. Here are some tips and recommendations endorsed by Mayo Clinic to follow a healthy diet for good cardiovascular health.

Rules of a heart healthy diet:

1. Caloric restriction

Taking into account that one of the main risk factors in the development of cardiovascular diseases is overweight, it becomes a key aspect reduce caloric intake with regard to spending. In fact, there are references such as the research published in Future Cardiolgy magazine, in which the benefits of follow a calorie-restricted diet to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular accidents. Within this content it is recommended as a possible alternative to evaluate intermittent fasting protocols as a good support.

2. The importance of portion control

As simple as that How much you eat is just as important as the quality of what you eat. When we do not monitor the portions and overload the plate, we eat very quickly and without pause, it is very likely that we are consuming many more calories. A good recommendation is to use a plate or small bowl to help us control our portions. Another good tip It is for the days with a lot of appetite try to leave itbig portions for the low-calorie, nutrient-dense foods As in the case of fruits and vegetables, limit to the smallest portions those foods that have a high in calories and sodium. It is a good strategy to take care of the heart and reduce waist measurements.

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3. Limit your salt intake

Excessive sodium intake is directly related to hypertension And it is also a habit that aggravates this condition. This is because salt is capable of generating a reduction in the elasticity of blood vessels and this results in an increase in blood pressure. For all heart failure patients it is vitally important monitor the consumption of common salt and sodium, which are normally found in high amounts in processed foods and fast foods. At the same time it is convenient increase the intake of potassium in the diet, since it is a good ally for counteract the hypotensive effects of sodium.

4. Eat more fruits and vegetables

We already know it in all healthy and balanced diet a good consumption of fruits and vegetables, they are the best source of vitamins and minerals. They are also a good ally thanks to their low caloric intake and high content of dietary fiber. Plant-based foods have essential substances and compounds that helped to prevent the onset of cardiovascular diseases.

5. Avoid consuming trans fats

One of the main enemies of people with heart conditions is a high intake of trans fats, these lipids are related to inflammation and an increased risk of chronic disease, as is the case with metabolic and cardiovascular pathologies. It is important avoid the consumption of processed foods, fast foods, fried and weathered. These foods are also associated with a increase in cholesterol levels, which can lead to a platelet accumulation in the arteries called atherosclerosis.

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6. Choose whole grains

A good intake of fiber such as that provided by whole grains is essential for the regulation of blood pressure and heart health. Avoid consuming refined cereals and supplementing them with whole grains is key to a heart-healthy diet. Choose to eat foods like oats, quinoa, rice, pasta and whole wheat bread, barley and avoid all that derived from refined white flour as is the case of white bread, donuts, cookies, cake, pies, egg noodles and muffins.


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