Passing the Technical Inspection of our Vehicle (ITV) is usually traumatic for most of us, even more so if our car is already a certain age. The fear that the inspection result will be unfavorable invades us until we have the result in our hands. And what to say about the dire consequences that a negative inspection can have for us.
To go a little more calmly, we are going to remind you 10 key points that you can check yourself before going to the ITV station. With this we will avoid, as far as possible, not accumulating minor faults that cause an unfavorable inspection result. Oh, and remember to bring the mandatory documentation in good condition. If you have the documentation in poor condition, here we tell you how to duplicate it.
Find out how much it costs to pass the ITV in each autonomous community.
1. The lights
In ITV they tend to be strict with this point, making sure they work properly in all circumstances. Therefore, we must be it in the same way, for this we will test several lights simultaneously. It will be easier if we don’t start the engine. Below we will list all the lights of our vehicle so that we don’t forget any:
- Position lights
- Dipped headlights
- Road Lights
- Turn signals, we will test both sides and emergency.
- Reversing light.
- License plate light.
- Rear fog light.
- Front fog lamp, if the vehicle has one.
- Brake lights.
As we have commented before, the more lights we test simultaneously the betterSince, if the system is in poor condition, the failure occurs when a specific set of bulbs is working. If we don’t start the engine, we can engage reverse gear while checking the brake light, turn signals, and rear fog.
A little trick: If we don’t have help, it can be difficult to check the brake light. In that case it will be enough to put the car near a wall (in a parking lot for example) and observe the glare of the lights on it.
The headlights cannot be damaged through which water can enter. Be very careful with retro-reflectors. On the other hand, if you have changed the bulbs for some with dubious approval, change them for normal ones before going to the ITV; and if you have made any modifications to the vehicle we recommend read this article on reforms.
2. Windshield wipers
For this step, simply check that the brushes clean properly and that water springs they work and dot a reasonable area. If we observe that the brushes do not clean properly, it will be enough to clean them a little, although if cleaning them we perceive cracks or deterioration in the rubber, it is best to replace them.
As for the jets, it is usual that with the passage of time their trajectory is diverted or they become obstructed. These sprinklers are addressable, it will be enough to clean them a bit with a pin and redirect them making a little lever. It’s also a good idea to keep the windshield washer reservoir full.
3. Liquid levels
This is a very important point to take into account. An excessively low level of coolant or oil puts the integrity of the vehicle’s engine at risk. That is why, in such a circumstance and for having to revolutionize the empty vehicle, the ITV station you can refuse to perform the gas test, having to return to pass it once the levels are correct.
Check the coolant and oil level, refilling them to the correct level if necessary. To take a correct reading of the oil level it is important that there is no type of slope and the engine is cold. Keep in mind that in diesel engines it is always advisable to do a few kilometers and give a few stomps on the accelerator to decongest.
4. The horn
The only thing we will have to do in this case is to check that the horn sounds, that it does not have strange noises and that it does not go out of the normal notes.
5. The anti-fog
This point they don’t always check it, but it is worth it that we do. If we are stricter, the better, we will go more calmly to the review. It will be enough to check that air is coming out of the vents in the lower part of the windshield.
6. Doors and glass
For the checking the doors, we will do exactly the same as the ITV station technician:
- Open the doors from the outside.
- Roll down the windows.
- Open the doors from within.
- Open the boot lid and hood.
You must check that the crystals do not show excessive scratches, cracks or chips. Remember that you can have a maximum number of chinazos on the front window, they must be repaired and must not be located within the driver’s field of vision. In addition, you can be fined for wearing tinted, dirty or in poor condition.
7. Registration and other damages that may injure
A bad license plate can be minor fault reason. Dents and small chips, which do not affect the reading, are not usually an inconvenience, although if it presents any blow it should always be straightened. If you have to change the plates it is worth changing them for acrylic ones. There are several types, so always look for the most resistant ones.
It is convenient check the blows that the car has looking for sharp surfaces that can cause damage. Keep in mind that at the ITV they will not hesitate to slightly pull the trims, mirrors or bumpers if they think they may be loose.
The first thing to do is make sure that the anchors are in place. It is usual that, if our car has folding seats, the anchors are hidden under the bench. If so we will have to remove them. Once we have everything in place, we will check that the belts are braked with a dry pull, that they return to place when we release and that they are fixed / released in the anchors correctly.
9. The tires
Tires are the shoes of cars. And just as we would not walk with shoes without soles on a rainy day, with our vehicle it should be the same. The regulations say that you cannot drive with a tread on the tire less than 1.6mm. The manufacturers to make life a little easier for us, put witnesses throughout the rubber.
Our vehicle may wear the tire more on one side than the other, and when checking the wear from the outside we may not realize that the interior is worn. The tires should be checked over the entire width of the tread.
We must verify that wear does not reach said witnesses and that the pressure is correct. Yes, we also recommend that you check the pressures. It is not something that they usually check in the ITV, but sometimes with the naked eye you can tell if a tire is short of air …
Clearly cleaning it is not something that affects safety of our vehicle, but if we put ourselves on the other side of inspection, everyone likes to work in a clean and pleasant environment. That is why if we arrive at the ITV station with our vehicle clean and organized, it will be better received by the technician who attends us.
Of course, remember that you can be fined for having excessively dirty car windows and not seeing correctly through them. With these small revisions we will be able to avoid the most common errors in the revisions, giving a little margin in the rest of the points that we do not have so easy to verify.
A clean vehicle presupposes a better condition.
Finally, be very careful with the ITV sticker. It is not necessary to go to the extreme of having all of the previous inspections exposed on the moon, but it is mandatory to carry the last one in the upper right part of the windshield, in a visible place.