Gastritis is a term used to encompass different diseases that are characterized by causing inflammation of the stomach lining. Generally, it originates when there is a large amount of hydrochloric acid.
Gastritis can last for a short time, known as acute gastritis, or last for months or years, known as chronic gastritis. Among its main causes are:
- Drinking alcohol in excess.
- Having infections with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori that is transmitted from person to person.
Gastritis is usually more prone between the ages of 20 and 55, and in women more than in men. Your symptoms are:
- Burning in the esophagus.
- Stabbing stomach pain
- Black stools
- Hollow in the pit of the stomach.
- Nausea and vomiting
To end gastritis, the doctor will make a diagnosis to determine what causes it and thus be able to combat it. Medications are often prescribed, such as:
- H2 antagonists: famotidine (Pepsid), cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac) and nizatidine (Axid)
- Proton pump inhibitors: omeprazole (Prilosec), esomeprazole (Nexium), iansoprazole (Prevacid), rabeprazole (AcipHex), and pantoprazole (Protonix).
You can also try these infusions to find relief:
Chamomile, also known as chamomile, is one of the most recognized flowers of the popular herbarium and the most chosen option when calming gastritis.
It is characterized by its yellow head and white ray-shaped petals. Since ancient times it was already used for medicinal purposes, there is a record that Hippocrates, (considered the father of medicine) advised it for eye diseases, stones, fever, or jaundice.
It is also a traditional treatment for digestive problems, including nausea, gas or gastritis. Possibly, its benefits are due to the presence of compounds with anti-inflammatory effects, such as terpenoids or flavonoids.
Chamomile has a long tradition of medicinal use. | Photo: IStock.
You can consume it by infusing a tablespoon of dried chamomile (about 10 g.) In 200 ml of water. You can also add a little honey to enhance its flavor and enhance its benefits against gastritis.
Just try to drink it 20 minutes after eating and not too hot, as high temperatures can be counterproductive for gastritis.
There are two plants that are known as chamomile, one is the German, Matricaria recutita, the other is the Roman, Chamaemelum nobile. It is believed that both can have similar effects on the body, although the first would be slightly more bitter, perfumed and concentrated.
To distinguish them, the clearest difference is found in the center of the flowers. If you take one, fresh or dry, and divide it in the center longitudinally up to the stem, it is clear that the German has a hollow cone-shaped center. Instead, the Roman has a solid center and a flat shape.
Boldo (Peumus boldus) is usually very chosen when trying to connect dinner with bed, especially in regions of South America. However, this herb also has digestive properties.
You can drink a warm infusion between 20 and 30 minutes after eating to calm the symptoms of gastritis.
According to experts, it would be effective thanks to one of its characteristic compounds, boldine, to which they attribute antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Home remedies to relieve gastritis
Its consumption is also recommended to prevent diarrhea or constipation, cleanse the body of toxins and reduce inflammation or deflate the stomach, as it protects the gastric mucosa.
In addition to its peculiar appearance, licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), licorice, orosús, palo duz, licorice or palodú stands out for its sweet flavor.
This is due to the presence of a component called glycyrrhizin, which is much sweeter than sugar, and makes it one of the most consumed herbs in the world and a popular flavoring.
But licorice also has many beneficial effects, especially when it comes to digestion, as it is rich in flavonoids, vitamins, iron, magnesium, potassium, zinc and essential phytonutrients, such as thymol, phenol, or quercetin.
Therefore, it is recommended to drink it in infusions to calm gastritis, heartburn, or stomach ulcers. You just have to wash the licorice root very well and cut thin slices to complete a tablespoon and infuse in 250 ml. of water. Let rest and drink warm so as not to damage the gastric mucosa.
Ginger and cardamom
Ginger and cardamom are related, as they belong to the Zingiberaceae family. The first takes advantage of its rhizome (underground horizontal stem) because it has a fresh aroma, spicy flavor and many healthy properties.
Its medicinal use is estimated to date back 2,500 years in China, especially to aid digestion and relieve flatulence.
Although you can consume it to calm gastritis from infusions (using its scratch or the ground variant), some specialists assure that drinking it fresh in smoothies with other vegetables or fruits, such as celery, apple or carrot, would be of great help, especially for women. nausea and heartburn.
Cardamom can be found in seed or powder form, with which intense infusions are prepared. It has antacid, anti-inflammatory and protective properties of the gastric mucosa, which is why researchers often point to it as a great option to relieve gastritis.
The process to prepare it in infusion is similar to that of chamomile: about 10 g. of cardamom for 200 or 250 ml of water, and drink warm half an hour after eating. You can also combine it with ginger and green tea.
Other healthy foods
In addition to medicines and digestive infusions, people with gastritis should control their diet. It is very important to avoid heavy foods, such as crucifers, caffeine, cold cuts, processed or fried products, and shellfish, as they promote irritation of the mucous membranes and worsen symptoms.
Some beneficial foods for gastritis that you can add to your diet are:
- Lean meat and fish.
- Scrambled eggs.
- Skimmed dairy.
- Cooked vegetables and fresh fruits.
- It is also advisable to eat in a fractional way (between 4 and 5 times a day), slowly and chewing well.
Gastritis is a term that is used to encompass different diseases that are characterized by causing inflammation of the stomach lining. It can also cause burning in the esophagus, throbbing stomach pain, black stools, indigestion, or nausea and vomiting.
To combat it, the factors that cause it must be attacked and it is common for drugs with antacid effects to be prescribed.
A good diet and including digestive infusions, such as ginger, cardamom, chamomile, boldo or licorice, can also be very useful.
Sources consulted: American Academy of Family Physicians, Comprehensive Natural Medicines Database, US National Library of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, US Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institute of Complementary and Alternative Medicine.