What cars can enter Barcelona? Details of the ZBE

What cars can enter Barcelona? Details of the ZBE


Madrid and Barcelona are the two cities where things have become more serious for the most polluting vehicles. Along with Madrid 360, we also find the Low Emissions Zone (ZBE) of the city of Barcelona. Let’s see what cars can enter Barcelona.

The Catalan city received 2020 with a restricted area of ​​95 km². It includes both Barcelona (except for the Free-Industrial Zone and the Vallvidrera, Tibidabo and les Planes neighborhoods) and the municipalities surrounding the ring roads. These are Sant Adrià del Besòs, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, Esplugues de Llobregat and Cornellà de Llobregat.

What cars can enter Barcelona?

Let’s think that the previous Central Madrid only covers an area of ​​4.7 km². The ZBE seeks to reduce air pollution by around 30% in the most congested areas.

What cars can enter Barcelona?

The ZBE of Barcelona affects those vehicles that lack environmental labeling. These vehicles are those that use:

  • mechanics of gasoline prior to Euro 3 registered before January 2000.
  • Models pre-Euro 4 dieselregistered before January 2006.

For vans (N1), we speak of those with regulations prior to Euro 1. They are registered before October 1994. For motorcycles and mopeds, reference is made to those without label and before Euro 2. They are those registered before 2003. The idea is to reduce the circulation of 125,000 polluting vehicles by 2024.

What cars can enter Barcelona? Details of the ZBE

Vehicles with labels C, B, ECO and ZERO can access the Barcelona ZBE. The Barcelona Low Emissions Zone only works during business hours from Monday to Friday. Specific, between 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m..

They are also affected from January 1, 2022:

  • The trucks (N2, N3).
  • small coaches (M2) prior to the Euro 4 standard (registered before 2006 or 2007).
  • Buses and coaches (M3) intended for collective transport prior to the Euro 4 standard. They are those registered before 2006 or 2007.

Exemptions in the ZBE

In the case of professional vehicles, there are vehicles exempt from complying with the regulation. This is the case of emergency service vehicles (police, firefighters, ambulances, hearses…). Also vehicles for people with reduced mobility. Additionally there are the punctual authorizations for some vehicles at specific times.

On the other hand, those drivers affected by the ZBE can skipping the veto a total of 10 days a year without justification. It is enough to notify the City Council through the Barcelona Metropolitan Area website 24 hours in advance. Otherwise, they can also appeal the fine by providing evidence.

What cars can enter Barcelona? Details of the ZBE

Those vehicles without an environmental label that are registered in the Metropolitan Registry database to request an access authorization must pay a 2 euro fee for authorization. There are discounts for the lowest incomes. The specific cases are the following:

  • 50% bonus -they will pay €1- for those vehicles without an environmental label that prove a family unit income of less than double the current Public Indicator of Income for Multiple Effects (Iprem) -below the current 1,076 euros-.
  • 100% bonus Those vehicles without an environmental label that prove a family unit income of less than the Iprem (538 euros) plus 10% of the current Iprem (591.8 euros) will not pay.

What are the fines?

The sanctions for accessing the Barcelona ZBE without being authorized began to be processed last September 2020 and the amounts are much higher than those of Madrid Central. We can distinguish between four types of offenses:

  • The vehicle meets the access conditions to enter the ZBE, but has not been registered in advance: fine from 100 euros.
  • minor offenses: They will affect motorcycles, vans and passenger cars with a maximum authorized mass (MMA) of up to 3.5 tons. The fines vary between 200 and 499 euros.
  • Serious offenses: They will affect heavy vehicles such as coaches, trucks and vans with MMA greater than 3,500 kilograms). The penalties will range from 500 and 999 euros.
  • Very serious offenses: They will take place in pollution episodes (the minor ones will become serious and these will become very serious), with fines of between 1,000 and 1,803 euros.

The cameras monitor which cars can enter Barcelona

The fines are carried out by 70 cameras installed at 40 points and we can be fined more than once a day (every 90 minutes).

Foreign vehicles: What cars can enter Barcelona?

Vehicles with foreign registration are not classified according to the state badge, so they must demonstrate compliance with the same environmental and technological requirements to be able to access and circulate through the ZBE. The conditions are as follows:

  • From the January 1, 2020: Motorcycles and mopeds (category L) classified as Euro 2 or higher; and passenger cars (M1) classified as electric, Euro 3 gasoline or higher or Euro 4 diesel or higher.
  • From April 1, 2021: light commercial vehicles (N1) classified as electric, gasoline Euro 3 or higher or diesel Euro 4 or higher.
  • From the July 1, 2021small coaches (M2) or trucks (N2, N3) classified as Euro 4 or higher.
  • From January 1, 2022buses or coaches (M3) intended for the collective transport of people and classified as Euro 4 or higher.
Header image: Barcelona City Council

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