Xerosis, better known as dry skin, is a common skin condition that is not usually serious, although it is characterized by causing roughness, cracking, peeling and itching, so it can be very annoying.
Here we will see what are the main causes of dry skin, how you can prevent it and what foods can help you calm its symptoms.
Dry skin is usually a consequence of the following conditions, habits, products, or conditions:
- Very hot baths or showers.Hot: especially central heating, heaters or wood stoves, as they reduce humidity and dry out the skin.
- Weather: During winter, the skin is more prone to drying out, as temperatures and humidity levels drop.
- Swimming in pools that have a lot of chlorine.
- Have skin problems: such as atopic dermatitis (eczema) or psoriasis.
- Using abrasive products: such as soaps, detergents and shampoos formulated to remove grease.
Dry skin is normally a temporary condition, although many people can experience it throughout their lives. Among its main symptoms we find:
- Appearance of lines or fine cracks.
- Greyish coloration of the skin.
- Flaking that can be mild or severe.
- Redness of the skin.
- Bleeding from cracks that form in the skin.
- Feeling of tightness in the skin.
How to prevent dry skin
You can prevent dry skin by following these tips:
- Covers skin during bad seasons, such as winter.
- Avoid using drying hygiene or cleaning products.
- Moisturize your skin regularly.
- Do not expose yourself to water for too long, either in the shower or in the pool.
- Wear rubber gloves when washing.
If you already suffer from the consequences of dry skin, don’t worry, incorporating the following foods into your diet will help you find relief:
In recent years, avocado has established itself as a key member of a healthy diet, since it provides more than 20 essential nutrients, including fiber, potassium, and vitamin E and B. It is also rich in minerals such as iron, phosphorus and magnesium, plus folic acid, niacin, and biotin.
- Foods to improve and rejuvenate your skin
These nutrients make it an excellent ally of the skin, as they help fight inflammation, irritation, pain and redness derived from xerosis.
Foods rich in water
Among the best foods for dry skin are those that contain a high percentage of water. In this way you will hydrate yourself and get many essential nutrients at the same time. Some of them are:
- Mango: it is ideal to relieve dry skin since one unit provides around 80% of the daily requirement of vitamin A, a nutrient that maintains and repairs skin cells.
- Cucumber: it is made up of 90% water, making it ideal for hydrating the skin and preventing dryness or flaking. Not only can you take advantage of it by including it in your salads, you can also prepare masks by processing it into a paste.
- Tomato: it is rich in a compound with antioxidant properties called lycopene, which helps to strengthen the skin, promote its elasticity and delay its aging, thus preventing conditions such as xerosis.
- Watermelon: helps to have a hydrated and radiant skin, since it is rich in water (it occupies 90% of its composition), vitamins A and C, and lycopene.
Perhaps the best known citrus fruit is the lemon, but this group also includes the orange, tangerine, grapefruit, kiwi, papaya or Camu Camu (the fruit with the highest concentration of vitamin C).
Water is the main component of citrus fruits, although they are also an essential source of vitamin C, beta-carotene, folic acid, minerals and flavonoids (substances with antioxidant effect).
This composition gives you different health benefits, including skin care. According to scientific evidence, consuming citrus fruits regularly allows the skin to stay glowing and hydrated, while stimulating the production of collagen.
When we talk about nuts we refer to almonds, hazelnuts, peanuts or peanuts, chestnuts, walnuts (I already know the common ones, Pecan or Macadamia, among others), pistachios, and even seeds, such as sunflower or pumpkin.
These foods share a common feature: less than half of their composition is made up of water. But how can they help us alleviate the symptoms of dryness?
Available scientific evidence shows that a regular consumption of these fruits helps to hydrate and soften the skin, while protecting it against toxins and chemicals, thanks to the fact that they are rich in Omega 3 fatty acids.
Some people even take advantage of their oils to add them to moisturizing creams, thus giving the skin an extra dose of nutrients.
Green tea is the dried leaf of the Camellia sinensis plant, from which other varieties of tea also arise, such as Oolong, black, or white, among others.
Historically, this infusion is associated with a great antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and rejuvenating power. This combination of benefits is perfect for maintaining good skin health and preventing cracking, redness, and pain from dry skin.
Carrots are recognized for their important antioxidant properties, as they have compounds called flavonoids and a significant concentration of vitamins A, B and C.
Therefore, its consumption helps to take care of skin health, since these nutrients are capable of reducing inflammation, promoting collagen production, and stimulating the elasticity and strength of the skin.
Hydration is essential
Experts advise drinking between 2 and 2 ½ liters of water each day. This will help to:
- Reduce cracks or lines on the skin.
- Balance the sebaceous gland.
- Strengthen the skin.
- Keep the skin hydrated.
- Oxygenate cells.
- Promote the elimination of toxins.
Another very popular choice among traditional medicine to deal with the discomfort caused by dry skin is to turn to the world of herbs. Among the most used are:
- Walnut or blackberry leaf: these provide strength and elasticity to the skin, in addition, walnut leaves are rich in mucilage, a substance with moisturizing properties. You can prepare a lotion by mixing a handful of its leaves in hot water, letting it cool, and then applying it to the affected area up to twice a day.
- Nettles: you can prepare a lotion by boiling it in water and letting it rest, then apply up to twice a day to the affected areas. In a short time you will notice how cracks decrease thanks to its moisturizing and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Rose petals: can be very useful to provide protection to the skin, especially against cold climates. Make an infusion with the petals of 10 roses in a liter of hot water. Then let it cool and apply to the skin.
Xerosis, better known as dry skin, is a skin condition that is not usually serious, although it is characterized by causing roughness, cracking, peeling and itching.
It usually arises from exposure to cold or dry climates or abrasive products, such as shampoos, detergents, or soaps. It can also be a consequence of other skin conditions, such as eczema or psoriasis.
To prevent its appearance, it is essential to cover the skin during adverse weather, use rubber gloves to wash and limit exposure to water.
Eating foods with healthy properties for the skin, such as avocado, tomato, watermelon, melon, cucumber, green tea, carrots, nuts, or citrus may help.
From traditional medicine, the use of natural moisturizing and anti-inflammatory herbal lotions, such as nettle, walnut leaves, blackberry leaves or rose petals is also valued.
Sources consulted: Comprehensive Natural Medicines Database, US National Library of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, US Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.