What is a full stack developer?

What is a full stack developer?


A developer full stack is a developer able to manage parts back and forehead of a development project. He brings complete technical expertise to all stages of a web development project, from design to production. This is a highly sought-after profile in small businesses, especially in start-ups, where the full stack developer can simultaneously hold the roles of developer. back-end and front-end. What background and what skills are necessary for a full stack developer?

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How to become a full stack developer?

A full stack developer is able to intervene on the back-end and front-end aspects of a website or mobile application development project. He has skills related to mastering several programming languages, allowing him to lead the development project. He is at the same time expert, versatile and able to guide the actors of a project.

In smaller companies, the full stack developer may be called upon to take on the role of development “Swiss army knife”. This configuration requires him to be extremely rigorous and organized to intervene on multiple problems.

Many full stack developer profiles are self-taught thanks to the training they were able to follow online. There are also training centers and other structures throughout France that provide training for development.

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To become a full stack developer, several training courses are available in person. Some short courses (1, 3 or 6 months) allow you to acquire the basics of the profession, but it is however interesting to favor longer courses such as Bac +2 or Bac +3 (BTS, DUT, License) or Bac +5 (specialized Masters or engineering schools).

In the event that a company is looking for a full stack developer with substantial and in-depth knowledge, it will prioritize skills and experience. It will all the same tend to favor holders of long training in the pool of postulants. There are many positions in the field, but interesting profiles are still rather rare.

The job of a full stack developer

What are the skills of the full stack developer?

First of all, the full stack developer is required to regularly manage both the front-end and back-end development of a project. He must therefore demonstrate versatility to intervene simultaneously on the part not accessible to users (server, database) and on the graphical interface itself. This duality inherent in his profession requires him to have knowledge of experience / user interface (UX / UI) and that he also knows how to quickly solve technical problems.

The full stack developer therefore has a generalist profile. In this type of position, being self-taught is not a problem. This can even be considered as a plus, since the job requires the candidate to continuously train on new languages ​​and new technologies. Curiosity is therefore one of the essential soft skills to become a good full stack developer.

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What languages ​​should you learn to become a full stack developer?

Mastering the different web languages ​​is one of the first conditions for exercising the profession of full stack developer. This one will obviously have to know the basic languages ​​such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript for the front-end part, PHP, Ruby, Python or even SQL for the back-end part, but also the various frameworks most used, like Angular or Vue.js. While some profiles develop expertise in a particular language, the goal of a full stack developer is to master a certain number in order to adapt to all types of projects.

On the back-end side, the full stack developer must be able to interact with a database, via the appropriate languages. He must also use APIs to communicate with remote sites. It is a skill that allows him to be the guarantor of the security of user data, and therefore to take care of the maintenance of a site or a mobile application.

On the front-end, he must be sensitive to the ergonomics of the tool and to the user experience as a whole, in order to create a functional product for the end user. Information architecture is one of the subjects in which he must be interested and on which he is constantly informing himself.

Who are the full stack developer contacts?

Finally, the full stack developer must demonstrate a great ability to work in a team. Usually it is in collaboration with other developers:

  • Full stack.
  • Front-end.
  • Back-end.
  • Integrators.

He can therefore, if necessary, rely on the skills of specialized profiles. Working with other profiles requires him to take into account that his code will be read and used by other people. And so even if it is functional, it must be written in such a way that it is easily understood by all the actors of the project.

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The full stack developer also works regularly with the other stakeholders of the projects on which he works. These include, among others:

  • Project Manager.
  • Web designer.
  • CTO (Chief Technical Officer).
  • Web Editor.
  • SEO (Search Engine Optimization) referrer.

What is the reality on the ground?

It seems that the definition strictly speaking of “full stack” exceeds the reality on the ground. If the title “full stack developer” is used more and more by recruiters, it is indeed impossible for a developer to master all the languages ​​that exist today, and which continue to emerge.

In addition, a full stack developer may find it easier to use one language than another. He may, for example, have been a back-end or front-end developer before, or his business needs may relate to one technology rather than another. For these reasons, some professionals think that the name “full stack” does not make sense in itself. However, today it is increasingly popular.

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