Even if he is not yet capable of it, baby nevertheless tries from birth to speak to you or at least to express himself. Of course, he does it in his own way and for you it is not always very clear. It begins by making itself heard through cries, cries, sighs, then come the first chirps and vowels which will gradually turn into syllables and words. But the road to speaking can sometimes seem long. We wonder when our child will finally be able to form sentences or simply manage to be understood outside the family circle. To help her, it is important to talk to her baby from a very young age and even before birth.
- Why is it so important to talk to your baby?
Talk to the baby before birth so that he becomes familiar with the voices of loved ones
While still sheltered in its mother’s womb, the fetus will gradually develop its hearing. But what does the baby actually hear before birth? First, as one might suspect, he does not hear immediately after conception. It is between the 26th and 28th week that the fetus begins to perceive the first sounds. Before the voices or the music, he will constantly hear the noises of his mother’s body. Internally, it is therefore primarily the sounds related to the circulation of fluids, digestion, and the heartbeat of the mother that baby perceives. Regarding the intensity, it would be comparable for us to a whisper.
Around 30 weeks, the fetus can perceive sounds coming from outside. He does not yet distinguish specific words or noises but already hears the bass and intonations in the voice.
It will therefore better hear low voices, such as that of the father among others. Whatever happens, it is still his mother’s voice that he is most likely to react to. This is logical because it is both the one he will hear most often and the only one he can perceive from the inside, because the mother’s body acts as a sounding board.
The treble intensity is reduced by the lining of the abdomen and the amniotic fluid, but your child can still absorb the sounds heard during pregnancy and react to them after birth. Don’t hesitate to talk to baby in utero, he will be able to identify the voices of loved ones more easily afterwards!
Talk to your baby to communicate with him and understand him
Naturally, infants are not immediately able to understand all the complexity of spoken language that you can use in front of them. However, they perceive your facial expressions as well as the intonations, the smile or the anger in the voice and will react accordingly. Try as much as possible to communicate with your baby by speaking to him normally, as to a person. No need to fake a philosophical conversation, but talk to your baby during the acts of daily living and explain to him what is going on.
Don’t feel silly explaining to your baby that it’s bath time, that he’s going to be wet and it’s going to be hot. On the contrary, by dint of hearing you, he will recognize certain words, begin to react to them and understand them.
If you have pets, you know they don’t talk or understand everything either. However, they perceive the intonations of the voice and perfectly recognize certain words and body expressions. Well with baby, at first it will be a bit similar. He will first quickly understand who we are talking about when words such as “dad” or “mom” are spoken and will also gradually perceive your emotions.
Talking to your infant therefore quite simply allows you to communicate with him. Little by little, you will be able to understand his reactions when you speak to him and you will thus be able to have your first exchanges.
Talk to your baby very early so that he understands you and learns to speak
For several decades now, we have known that talking to your baby very early promotes the learning of speech. During their first months and up to 3 years old, children learn a great deal by observing their environment and by imitation. It is by dint of hearing you speak that they will gradually try to use your words.
A child who is talked to since birth will usually say their first word between 9 months and a year. Until he is 18 months old, he will integrate around fifty words, then he will experience what is called “the lexical explosion”. This means that between 18 months and 2 years, he will go from a capital of more or less 50 known words to around 300. In this way, at age 3, a young child can achieve mastery of 1000 words or more.
Be careful, mastery doesn’t necessarily mean that he will speak using all these words on a daily basis, but at least that he understands them without you needing to link the gesture to the speech.
It is therefore essential to talk to your baby very early, because from the age of 3 you can see a lack of words in some children who do not understand terms such as “top, side, yellow, etc. » and find themselves penalized from their very early childhood. Talking to your baby very early will give him the keys to understanding adult speech. This is how he will also manage to speak to make himself understood.
Talking to your baby to promote vocabulary acquisition and the understanding of complex sentences
It’s important to use complex sentences when talking to your baby. This does not mean speaking five-syllable words or scientific terms, but rather using minimally elaborate sentence constructions. For example, when you want to grab your child’s attention to show him something, don’t just say “Louis, cat!” but rather “Louis, look at the cat outside!” “. It may seem silly, but you can quickly take shortcuts with babies to try to get to the point, when they are able to understand much more.
It is for this same reason that we must read stories to toddlers. Thanks to the youth albums, they will be confronted with different sentence structures and a more diversified vocabulary than that encountered daily.
Finally, don’t be afraid to use a rich and precise vocabulary yourself. For example, instead of saying “baby horse, mother horse, etc. use the terms “foal, mare, etc.” If the child was able to understand the word horse, he will be able to understand the rest just as well. Just give it the right terms from the start.
This is how you will promote the acquisition of vocabulary, the understanding of complex sentences and help to construct their thoughts.